A1 Прочитайте вопросы 1-6. Установите, в каких текстах A-G можно найти ответы на эти вопросы. Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву толькоодин раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.
In which country
1. do people like walking in the evening?
2. are people fond of flowers?
3. do people like swimming in cold water?
4. is arch and arrows one of the most popular sports?
5. do people love windsurfing?
6. are people fond of gambling?
The outdoors and physical fitness are important to the Finns, who enjoy a wide range of activities, including walking, fishing (and ice fishing), hunting, camping, skiing, track and field, basketball, ice hockey, cycling, and boating. Golf is gaining in popularity; some people even play on the ice in the winter. The sauna is a traditional way to relax and socialize for people of all ages. During a retreat to a summer cottage, a popular activity is to run from a hot sauna for a swim in a cold, clear lake nearby.
Badminton and soccer are the most popular sports in Indonesia, and many people play volleyball and tennis. Shadow-puppet theatre is a traditional art, and performances are particularly common in rural areas and on special occasions. Other recreational activities include watching television and going to the cinema. Censorship is strict.
Tahitians spend many of their leisure hours socializing, and parties and other festivities play an important part in their lives. Soccer is the national sport, but many others are enjoyed, such as boxing, volleyball, basketball, canoeing, windsurfing, swimming, fishing, and diving. Other popular recreational activities include watching television, going to the cinema, and dancing.
An evening or Sunday afternoon stroll around the town is a well-established tradition in both rural and urban areas. On Sundays many Italians go to the countryside, or to a sports event. In summer, crowds flock to the beach. Discotheques are popular among unmarried young people, particularly on Saturday nights. Soccer is by far the most popular sport. Bicycling, auto racing, skiing, and tennis are also popular. Recently, basketball has attracted a large Italian following.
Mongolian wrestling, horse racing, and archery are the most popular sports. The annual wrestling championships are enthusiastically followed throughout the country. Boxing, soccer, volleyball, basketball, and table tennis are also enjoyed. Leisure activities include visiting family and friends, watching television, going to the movies, and, especially in summer, making outings to the countryside. Sunday is a favourite day for picnics, and some people own small summer cabins in the hills around the capital.
People spend their leisure time socializing with relatives and neighbours or watching films; the Philippines is the world’s fourth largest producer of films, a number of which have a strong religious theme. In the cities, video cassette recorder ownership has grown considerably among the middle class, and video rental stores are common. Sundays are big days for sports; basketball, baseball, and soccer are all played. Filipinos are keen gamblers, which accounts for the popularity of horse races and cockfights, and playing mah-jongg, a Chinese table game played with tiles.
The Dutch enjoy home improvements and indoor plants — most Dutch homes overflow with greenery. Flowers are picked (if home grown) or purchased regularly to adorn the home, restaurants, and businesses. Television is very popular, and the Dutch have access through cable to numerous European channels. Soccer and cycling are the most popular sports. Almost everyone in the Netherlands cycles; there are numerous cycle clubs and bike paths throughout the country, and many people use bicycles as a means of transportation.
A2 Прочитайте утверждения 1—6 и следующий за ними текст. Установите соответствие между утверждениями и содержанием текста. Запишите в таблицу цифру 1, если утверждение верное, Цифру 0, если утверждение неверное.
1. There are quite a few borrowings in English.
2. Native Americans borrowed such words as raccoon and wigwam.
3. The origin of the word canyon has been traced to Portuguese or Spanish.
4. Peru gave English such words as quinine and cannibal.
5. The word boomerang came from Africa.
6. There are Greek or Latin roots in such words as stethoscope and supersonic.
If you speak English, you have plenty of people to talk to. It is spoken in more parts of the world than any other language.
English is constantly borrowing. It started out taking words from Latin, Greek, French, and German. Then English went on to borrow words from
more than 50 different languages. From Italian, it took cameo, pizza, and violin, for example. From Spanish and Portuguese, it borrowed the words alligator, canyon, and sombrero. From Native Americans, it got raccoon and wigwam. Peru contributed llama and quinine. The Caribbean islands gave English barbecue and cannibal. From Africa came chimpanzee and zebra, from India came bandanna, curry, and punch, and from Australia came kangaroo and boomerang.
Science caused an explosion in words. Some words in science combine parts of Greek and Latin words. They include penicillin, stethoscope, and supersonic. Others were borrowed from languages spoken today. Robot comes from a Czech word.
B 3Прочитайтетекст.Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4 — В10 так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию В4 — В10.
Crazy Bank Machine Pays £195 Jackpot
Police________ last night investigating the mystery of a mad money machine which handled out a jackpot payment to a weekend shopper.
Brewery worker Mr David baker tapped out a request for £ 15on a National Westminster Bank cash dispenser at Kingston and ______. with about £ 195 in crisp fivers.
At their home his wife, Mrs Debora Baker, 30, said: «The money ________ a big sum for us and he immediately handed it to the police.
He quite ________.
Some of the money obviously belonged to the lady who ________ the machine before him. She wanted £50 and got nothing.»
A spokesman for National Westminster said: » Luckily there was a member of the staff nearby and the machine ________ off.» At Kingston police spokesman said: «We have had a number of complaints about the machine.
I sent a special constable down to investigate but I _________ from him for some time — perhaps he has gone to the South of France…»